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Vokabular Thai 3: Verben
Thai vocabulary: verbs / คำศัพท์ภาษาไทย 3: คำกริยา

>> 1. Pronomen, Adverbien, Konjunktionen, Präpositionen / pronouns, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions
คำศัพท์ไทย 1: สรรพนามวิเศษณ์สันธานคำ บุพบท

>> 2. Substantive und Adjektive / nouns and adjectives / คำนามและคำคุณศัพท์

>> 4. Themenbereiche / topics / หัวข้อ

von / by Michael Palomino

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æ   ə   ɔ  ½  ʒ   ch=ʃ
ǎ  ā   ě   ǐ   ō  ǒ  ŭ   ʉ

ครั้งอนุภาคขมับ / Zeiten: temporale Partikel / times: temporal particles

dʒa: / ja: = Futuranzeiger (vor dem Hauptverb) = futur particle (in front of the main verb)
da:i¬ = Anzeiger für Präteritum (vor dem Hauptverb) = past tense particle (in front of the main verb)
rə yang = Perfektanzeiger (nachgestellt) = perfect particle (after the main verb)
gamlang = Dauerform-Anzeiger (vor dem Verb) continuing form particle (in front of the main verb)
yu: = Dauerform-Anzeiger (am Satzende) continuing form particle (am Satzende)

gamlang und yu können alleine oder auch zusammen in einem Satz vorkommen / gamlang and yu can be used singular or together in the same sentence.

kon = die Person = the person


จะ / sein / to be
aní = das ist = this is
pom / chai = ich bin (+ beschreibendes Adjektiv / Beschreibungsnominativ ohne Verb)

ua: = ist (bei Name) = is (with name)
bpen = ist / das ist ein/e (+ Substantiv, Personenbeschreibung) = is / that is a (+ substantive, description of a person)
kə: = ist (+ Substantiv, Beschreibung einer Sache) = is (+ substantive, description of a thing)
verneint: mai bpen / mai chai / mai k
ə:

yu: = sein / es ist (lokal) / es befindet sich / sich aufhalten / leben = to be, it is (local), to live
pom yu: = ich bin (m) (lokal)
chan yu: = ich bin (f) (lokal)

a:yu = ich bin (lokal) = I am (local)
kun a:yu = du bist (lokal) = you are (local)

kun yang = du bist
kun saba:i = du bist

ani: = das ist = that is


คำกริยา / Verben / verbs

aìn = lesen = to read
bɔ:k = sagen = to say
bpa: = werfen
bpai = gehen = to go
bpai sə: = einkaufen gehen = to go shopping
bulli = rauchen = to smoke
cat ha:hay = besorgen (einkaufen) = to purchase
cat triam = vorbereiten = to prepare
cay = zahlen = to pay
chə:a = glauben
chə'na: = gewinnen = to win (pæ: = verlieren = to loose)
cho:rp ma:k-kua = bevorzugen
chuai = helfen = to help
dairap = erhalten, bekommen = to receive
dai:yin = hören = to hear
də:m = trinken = to drink
dəng 'o:rk ma: = ziehen = to draw
dsap = schlagen = to slap
dʒai / djai = brauchen
dʒaka'ti: / djaka'ti: = kitzeln = to tickle
du: = hinschauen = to watch (hen = sehen = to see)
fan = träumen = to dream
fang = zuhören = to listen

gko:n = rasieren = to shave
hai = geben = to give

ha:m = verbieten = to forbid
hen = sehen = to see (du: = hinschauen, to watch)
hola / huaror = lachen = to laugh
iamian = besuchen = to visit
ka: = töten = to kill
ka:n fuek = üben = to exercise
kælap = pfeifen = to siffle
kautsai = verstehen = to understand
kəi / fan = träumen
kian = schreiben = to write
kin = essen = to eat
kit = denken = to think
kittəng / pla:t = vermissen, denken an, gedenken = to miss
klap ba:n = nach Hause gehen
klap ma: = zurückkommen = to come back
kləan ya:y = bewegen = to move
ko:n / ko:n ha: = suchen = to look for / to search
kot / bi:p / reng = drücken / to press
kgro:n = schnarchen = to snore
ku: = bedrohen = to threaten
kú: = niederringen = to wrestle sb. down
kuad = putzen, reinigen = to clean
kum-kan = schützen = to protect
la:ng = waschen = to wash
latsa: = heilen = to heal
len = spielen (a. das Spiel) = to play (a. the play)
lək / set = beenden / sich trennen / trennen = to finish / to separate / separate
ləm = vergessen = to forget
lien = lernen = to learn
lim / yim = lächeln = to smile
long-to:t, tam-to:t = bestrafen = to punish
luam / pæ: = verlieren = to loose
ma: = kommen = to come
mai = brennen = to burn
mang-kang / som-bu:n = florieren = to flourish
mi: = haben = to have
mi: = es gibt (sg + pl) = there is / there are
mi: kuamsuk = glücklich sein, Glück haben = to be happy
no:n = schlafen = to sleep
pa: = nehmen = to take
pà: = schneiden = to cut
pæ: / luam = verlieren = to loose (chə'na: = gewinnen = to win)
pai = gehen / präp. zu/r/m = to walk (dɔ:n = spazieren = to promenade, to stroll)
pai há: / pai yiəm = besuchen (Personen) = to visit (persons)
painai? = wo gehst du hin? = where do you go?
pə:t = öffnen = to open
phlak / dan kau pay = stossen = to push
pim = drucken = to print
pimko:sana: = publizieren = to publish
pìt = schliessen = to shut
plian pla:ng = wechseln
pop = sich treffen = to meat
porng-kan = zuvorkommen = to prevent
pu:(d) = reden, sprechen, meinen = to speak, to mean
pu:d len = Witze machen (wörtlich: sprechen-spielen) = to make jokes

putpot = lügen = to lie (nɔ:k = lügen, betrügen = to lie, to cheat)

rák = lieben = to love
rien = lernen = to learn (rong rien = die Schule = school)
rɔ: / ko:i = warten = to wait
rú: = wissen = to know [mentally, capacity] (kuam-rú: = die Erziehung = education)
ru:dʒak / ru:jak = kennen = to know [sb./sth.]
ru:sək = fühlen = to feel
sa'a:d = putzen = to clean
sài = tragen (Kleider) = to wear clothes
sa:m = reparieren = to repair
sang = bestellen = to order
san-ya: = versprechen = to promis
say / ua:ng long = setzen / stellen = to put
set / dʒaset / jaset = beendigen = to finish
sə = kaufen = to purchase
sədæ:ng = zeigen = to show
si:ta:ba:n / ta:si: = malen = to paint
song-sə:m = fördern (fig.) = to support / to foster (fig.)
sɔ:n = lehren = to teach
ta-lorwi wa:t = streiten = to quarrel
tàm = machen = to make
tam nga:n = arbeiten, machen = to work, to do (nga:n = Arbeit = work)
tam nga:n ben = arbeiten als = to work as
ting = verlassen
tiɔ: / tiau = besuchen = to visit
to:rasap = telefonieren = to call
'ua = kotzen, sich übergeben = to vomit
uai na:m = schwimmen = to swim
uan ka:n / yɔ:mlap = akzeptieren = to accept
uang = hoffen = to hope
uing = rennen = to run

yim / lim = lächeln = to smile
yokto:t / yokto:tai = vergeben = to forgive


ตัวอย่างของผัน / Beispiele von Konjugationen / examples of conjugations
pom mi: = ich habe = I have
kun mi: = du hast = you have
kau mi: = er hat = he has
rau mi: = wir haben = we have
puag kau mi: sie haben


กับคำกริยาวลี / Redensarten mit Verben / phrases with verbs

pai kantə / pai lo leu= gehen wir = let's go
kin kant
ə = lasst uns essen = let's eat

kin pizza kant
ə = lasst uns Pizza essen = let's eat pizza
pu:(d) kant
ə = lasst uns [darüber] sprechen = let's speak [about it]

di-chan ... = ich möchte ... haben (Restaurant) = I would like ... (restaurant)
phom kho:r ... = kann ich haben? (Restaurant) = could I have ... (restaurant)

phom nap-tue / di-chan / phompen = ich bin ein...


กริยาช่วย / Modalverben / modal verbs

tonka:n / yang tæng / kɔ: / tong = wollen = to want
xuandʒa / xuandja = sollen = should
d
ʒa:k / ja:k / ya:k = ich möchte / ich hätte gerne = I would like to
dʒɔ:p / djɔ:p / chɔ:p = gerne haben = to like
chen / chin + Verb = mögen + Verb = to like + verb
tong / d
ʒatong = müssen = to have to, must
kra po:ng = können = to be able to
daimai = können (Fähigkeit)
= to can (capacity)
dai = ich kann = I can

ตัวอย่างที่มีกริยาช่วย / Beispiele mit Modalverben / examples with modal verbs
kun tonka:n a'rai? = was willst du? = what do you want?
kun chɔp a'rai? = was hättest du gerne? = what would you like?
kun gamlang tam a'rai? = was machst du gerade? = what are you doing?



>> 1. Pronomen, Adverbien, Konjunktionen, Präpositionen / pronouns, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions
คำศัพท์ไทย 1: สรรพนาม วิเศษณ์สันธานคำ บุพบท

>> 2. Substantive und Adjektive / nouns and adjectives / คำนามและคำคุณศัพท์

>> 4. Themenbereiche / topics / หัวข้อ

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