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Vokabular Thai 1: Pronomen, Adverbien, Konjunktionen, Prpositionen
Thai vocabulary 1: pronouns, adverbs, conjunctions, prepositions
คำศัพท์ไทย 1: สรรพนามวิเศษณ์สันธานคำบุพบท

>> 2. Substantive und Adjektive / nouns and adjectives / คำนามและคำคุณศัพท์

>> 3. Verben / verbs / คำกริยา

>> 4. Themenbereiche / topics / หัวข้อ

von /by Michael Palomino

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คำสรรพนาม / Pronomen / pronouns

pag = Pluralanzeiger = plural indicator

ดีฉัน / Personalpronomen / personal pronouns
pom = ich (m) = I (m)
chan = ich (f) = I (f)
kun = du = you
no:n = du (an eine jngere Person) = you (to a younger person)
kau = er / sie = he / she
mn = es (Tier, Sachen) = it
rau /
pua(g) rau = wir = we
kau / pua(g) ka`´u = sie = they

tua eng = ich selbst / ich allein = me myself / me alone


คำสรรพนามมี ความแตกต่างอย่างมีนัยสำคัญที่ ดี /
Personalpronomen mit feinen Bedeutungsunterschieden /
personal pronouns with fine differences of meaning
(m)
(f)
Bedeutung
significance
pǒm
di-chǎn
ich (immer mglich)
I (always possible)
chǎn chǎn ich (gleichgestellt oder gegenber Untergebenen)
I (same rank or in front of subordinated people)
ka:/ku:
ka:/ku:
ich (gleichgestellt + zu Gegnern)
I (same rank + to enemies)
kūn / tə: kun tə: du (immer mglich)
you (always possible)
k: k: du (gleichgestellt oder gegenber Untergebenen, abwertend)
you (same rank or in front of subordinated people, derogative)
'eng / məng

du (gleichgestellt, abwertend)
you (same rank, derogative)
tan tan Sie you (polite diplomat form)
kūn:
kūn: Herr / Frau ...
Mr. / Mrs. ...


คำสรรพนามชี้ / Demonstrativpronomen / demonstrative pronouns
nan = das da = this here
mn = dieser/e/s (Singular+Plural)
puag mn = diese (nur Plural) = these (only plural)
nan = jene/r/s = that
ni: (nachgestellt, postpositive) = dieser/e/s = this
ti: = dieser/e/s / so (verstrkend vor Adverb) = this (reinforcing before an adverb)

อยู่ในความครอบครอง / Possessivpronomen / possessive pronouns
kɔ:ng = dein = your

hai po`´m (m) / hai chan (f) = fr mich = for me
hai kūn = fr dich = for you
hai ka`´u / ka`´o (m,f) = fr ihn / fr sie = for him / for her
hai man = sein / fr es (Tiere, Sachen) = his / for it (animals, things)
hai rāu = fr uns = for us
hai kau / hai pua ka`´u = euer, fr sie = their, for them
hai mn = ihr (Tiere, Sachen) / sich = their (animals, things)


ko`´ng po`´m (m) / hai chan (f) = fr mich = for me
ko`´ng kūn = fr dich = for you
ko`´ng ka`´u (m,f) = fr ihn / fr sie = for him / for her
ko`´ng mn = sein / fr es (Tiere, Sachen) = his / for it (animals, things)
ko`´ng rāu = fr uns = for us
ko`´ng kau / hai pua(g) ka`´u = euer, fr sie = their, for them
ko`´ng mn = ihr (Tiere, Sachen) / sich = their (animals, things)

nai ba:rn pom = in meinem Haus = in my house


คำสรรพนามคำถาม / Fragepronomen / question pronouns

nur am Satzende / only at the end of the sentence:

a'rai? = was ? = what?
arai'na? = was genau? = what precisely?
arinai? = welche? = which ones?

k:? = wie viele? = how many?
krai? = wer? = who?
taurai? / tao rai? / tau lai kap? = wie viel? = how much?
tinai? = wo? / wohin? = where?

vorne und am Satzende / at the beginning and at the end of the sentence:
mərai? = wann? = when?
tamai? = warum? = why?

unbestimmt:
di: mai? = wie? = how
ki:dəan lu? = wie viele Monate = how many months?
ki:mong? = wann? um welche Zeit? = when? at what time?
ki: uan lu? = wie viele Tage lang? = how many days long?
na:n? = wie lange? = how long?
taulaikap? = wie viele? = how many?
yangrai / ngai? = wie? = how?


คำวิเศษณ์ / Adverbien / adverbs

คำ วิเศษณ์สั้น / Kurze Adverbien / short adverbs

bangja:n = etwas
banki: = vielleicht = perhaps
chan mai = ich (f) nicht
dʒang / jang = sehr = very
dʒə / je = sehr = very
dʒing / jing = wahr = true
d
ʒing dʒing / jing jing = sicherlich = sure
gkp = und / mit = and / with
gkp / kap / mod = mit
i:k / kan i:k = wieder
iksi: = noch einmal
ka'luna = bitte = please
klap = zurck = back
ko = sehr = very
koi = so
l = und
leutekun = it's up to you
likmai = wieder = again
ma:(g) / dʒang = sehr = very
mai = nein = no (mi = neu = new)
maiauigleau = nie mehr = never again
mai di: lɔi = berhaupt nicht = not at all
mai kə:n / mai kə:i = nie = never
maikoidi: = nicht so gut = not so good
maimi: = ohne = without
maimi: arai = nichts
maimi ito pai = nicht mehr = not any more
mi duai = auch = also
na:i / kangnai = im = in
nəan kan = dasselbe = the same
nitnoe = ein Bisschen = a little bit
pen day = mglich = possible
rakang = genug
rə: = oder = or
rodʒinan / tinan = dort = there
samkan / samxang = wichtig = important
schai = ja / so ist es
si: = bitte! (Aufforderung) = please! (request)
ta = aber
t:kom = vorherig = the one of before
talɔ:t pai = fr immer
tangmod = alle/s
taunan = nur = only
ti: = wirklich / so (verstrkend) = really
ti:di: = sehr gut = very good
tinai = wo = where
tinan / rodʒinan = dort = there
tini: = hier / hier dieser Ort = here
tuaeng = ich selbst / ich allein = me myself / me alone
yik = schwierig = difficult
yang = noch

เลขเบอร์ / Numerale: Die Zahlen / numerals: numbers
จำนวน / Zahl / number เลข อะตอม / Ordnungszahl / ordinal number
หลายอย่าง / Vielfaches / multiples
0
s:n
0.
ti: s:n 0x (nullmal / zero times)
s:n krang (pop. klang)
1
nə`ng 1.
ti: nə`ng 1x (einmal / one time)
nə`ng krang (pop. klang)
2
sɔ`´:ng
2.
ti: sɔ`´:ng 2x (zweimal / two times)
sɔ`´:ng krang (pop. klang)
3
s:m
3.
ti: s:m
3x (dreimal / three times)
s:m krang (pop. klang)
4
s:
4.
ti: s:
4x (viermal / four times)
s: krang (pop. klang)
5
h:
5.
ti: h:
5x (fnfmal / five times)
h: krang (pop. klang)
6
hk
6.
ti: hk
6x (sechsmal / six times)
hk krang (pop. klang)
7
dst / ct
7.
ti: dst / ti: ct
7x (siebenmal / seven times)
dst / ct krang (pop. klang)
8
bp:t 8.
ti: bp:t 8x (achtmal / eight times)
bp:t krang (pop. klang)
9
gk:u
9.
ti: gk:u
9x (neunmal / nine times)
gk:u krang (pop. klang)
10
sp / sb
10.
ti. sp
10x (zehnmal / ten times)
sp krang (pop. klang)
11
sbt
11.
ti: sbt
11x (elfmal / eleven times)
sbt krang (pop. klang)
12
sp sɔ`´:ng 12.
ti: sp sɔ`´:ng 12x (zwlfmal / twelve times)
sp sɔ`´:ng krang (pop. klang)
13
sp s:m
13.
ti: sp s:m
13x (dreizehnmal / thirteen times)
sp s:m krang (pop. klang)
14
sp s: 14.
ti: sp s:
14x (vierzehnmal / fourteen times)
sp s: krang (pop. klang)
15
sp h: 15.
ti: sp h: 15x (fnfzehnmal / fifteen times)
sp h: krang (pop. klang)
16
sp hk 16.
ti: sp hk 16x (sechzehnmal / sixteen times)
sp hk krang (pop. klang)
17
sp dst / ct 17.
ti: sp dst / ct 17x (siebzehnmal / seventeen times)
sp dst / ct krang (pop. klang)
18
sp bp:t 18.
ti: sp bp:t 18x (achtzehnmal / eighteen times)
sp bp:t krang (pop. klang)
19
sp gk:u 19.
ti: sp gk:u 19x (neunzehnmal / nineteen times)
sp gk:u krang (pop. klang)
20
yi:sp
20.
ti: yi:sp
20x (zwanzigmal / twenty times)
yi:sp krang (pop. klang)
21
yi:spt 21.
ti: yi:spt 21x
yi:spt krang (pop. klang)
22
yi:sp sɔ`´:ng 22.
ti: yi:sp sɔ`´:ng 22x
yi:sp sɔ`´:ng krang (pop. klang)
30
s:m sp 30.
ti: s:m sp 30x
s:m sp krang (pop. klang)
31
s:m sp t 31.
ti: s:m sp t 31x
s:m sp t krang (pop. klang)
40
s: sp 40.
ti: s: sp 40x
s: sp krang (pop. klang)
50
h: sp
50.
ti: h: sp 50x
h: sp krang (pop. klang)
60
hk sp



70
dst / ct sp



80
bp:t sp



90
gk:u sp



100
rɔi (pop. loi)
100.
ti: rɔi (pop. ti: loi)
100x
rɔi krang (pop. klang)
200
sɔ`´:ng rɔ (pop. s:ng lɔ)
200.
ti: sɔ`´:ng rɔ (pop. ti: s:ng lɔ) 200x
sɔ`´:ng rɔ krang  (pop. ti: s:ng lɔ klang)
1000
nə`ng pan:
1000.
ti: nə`ng pan: 1000x
nə`ng pan: krang (pop. nə`ng klang)
10.000
mʉ`:n 10.000.
ti: mʉ`:n 10.000x
mʉ`:n krang (pop. mʉ`:n klang)
100.000
s`´:n 100.000.
ti: s`´:n 100.000x
s`´:n krang (pop. s`´:n klang)
1.000.000
l:n
1.000.000.
ti: l:n
1.000.000x
l:n krang (pop. l:n klang)

ตัวอย่างตัวเลข / Zahlenbeispiele / examples of numbers

l:n (Millionen, million)
100.000
10.000
1000

100
10

7
3
.
8
4
6
.
9
2
1
dʒd / jd sb
sǎ:m l:n
bp`d s`´:n s: mʉ`:n
hk pan

g:o rɔ: y: sb
d


ทศนิยม / Dezimalzahlen / decimal numbers
dʒd / jd = Punkt = point / dot
3.94 = sǎ:m jd g:o s:
2.396 = sɔ`´:ng jd sǎ:m g:o hk

ทศนิยมและสกุลเงินไทย / Dezimalzahlen und thailndische Whrung / decimal numbers and Thail currency
Bht = Baht, Symbol
฿, Abkrzung Thai Baht THB
s dta:ng = Cents (25, 50 Cent-Mnzen / cent coins)

฿ 4.25 = s: Bht, y: sb h: s dta:ng
฿ 28.75 = y: sb bp`t Bht, dʒt sb h: s dta:ng


สำนวนและตัวเลข / Redewendungen mit Zahlen / expressions with numbers

diao = nur ein/s/er = only one (of them)
krʉng = ein halbes / eine halbe = half of
s:ng s:m = zwei oder drei = two or three

เลข: ครั้ง / Numerale: Zeitangaben
dəan = der Monat = month
kap = vor (zeitlich) = before (temp.)
ki:mo:ng = wann? welche Zeit? = when? what time?
mo:ng = Uhr (Uhrzeit) = o'clock (time indication)
s:ng mo:ng = zwei Uhr / um zwei Uhr = two o'clock
na:ti: = die Minute = minute
pi: = das Jahr = year
sapda: = die Woche = week
tchomo:ng / tchuamo:ng = die Stunde = hour
s:ng tchomo:ng = zwei Stunden (lang) = two hours (long)
uan = der Tag = day
dalo:ta uan = den ganzen Tag = the whole day long
uela: = die Zeit = time
ui:na:ti: = die Sekunde = second


เลขจำนวนและปริมาณ / Numerale: Anzahl und Menge / numerals: quantities
bangdʒa:n = etwas
bangkn = jemand = somebody
diao = nur 1
lai kang leo = viele Male = many times
dti:a = kurz = short
i:k lang (nachgestellt) = noch ein = one more
kuam = sehr viel = lots of
la = jeder/e/s = each
la:i = viele = many
ma:(g) / dʒang / djang = viel (nachgestellt) = much (postpositive)
ma:ma:(g) = sehr viel = very much
maimi: / maimi: arai (vorgestellt, before the substantive) = nichts = nothing
maimikrai = niemand = nobody
nitnoe (nachgestellt, postpositive) = ein wenig = a little bit
tla / tukon = jeder/e/s = every
tangmod / tuk sing = alle/s = all
ti: = einige = some
tuk = jeder/e/s = every
tuk tuk = jeder einzelne = every single
tuksing / sapasing = alles = all
tuk sing / tangmo(d) = alles = all
yay / dto: = gross = big

ตัวอย่างของจำนวนและ ปริมาณ / Beispiele mit Anzahl und Menge / examples with quantities
ba:n i:k lang (nachgestellt) = noch ein Haus = one more house

คำวิเศษณ์ขมับ / Temporale Adverbien / temporal adverbs
ba:n krang = manchmal = sometimes
dion ni: / to:n ni: = jetzt ("Moment, dieser") = now
dti:a = kurz = short
du(k) = spt = late
gkɔ:n = vor = before
hungni: / prungni: = morgen = tomorrow (uanpungni: = gestern = yesterday; uanni: = heute = today)
ig song una = in 2 Tagen = in two days
kang lo = Male = times
kən ni: = diese Nacht = this night
krang nəng = sofort = at once
landʒanan / lanjanan= spter = later
lang dʒa: / lang dja: = nach = after
lo = schon = already
manau / dionni: = jetzt = now
nai reo reo ni: = in kurzer Zeit = in a short time
na:n = lang = long
na:n lo = lange Zeit = a long time
nəng dəan lo = einen Monat lang
nəng uan lo = einen Tag lang
pi: lo = Jahre alt = years old
reu / uay = schnell = fast
reureu ni: = bald / kurze Zeit = soon
samə = immer = always
sinsu: = beendet, fertig = finished
tiang / tiang uan = am Morgen = noon
tɔlɔ:t uela / tɔlɔ:t pai = fr immer = for ever
tug kən = jede Nacht = every night
tug uan = jeden Tag = every day
tug tug = jeder einzelne = every single
tug tug uan = jeden einzelnen Tag = every single day
uanni: = heute = today
uanpungni: = gestern = yesterday

คำวิเศษณ์ท้องถิ่น / Lokale Adverbien / local adverbs
no:k ba:n = draussen = outside

คำวิเศษณ์คู่มือปฐมนิเทศ / Richtungsanzeigende Adverbien / adverbs of direction
a: = links = left
sa:i = nach links = to the left side
kua: rechts, nach rechts = right, to the right side
trung = geradeaus

คำถามสุดท้ายที่จุดสิ้นสุดของประโยค / Schlussfragen am Ende des Satzes / question words at the end of the phrase
mi? = oder? / oder nicht? = or not?
schi mi? = ja oder nein? = yes or no?
rə plu?

คำสันธาน / Konjunktionen / conjunctions

dʒon kua: / jon kua: = bis = until
duehetni: = deshalb = therefore
kua: / məan = als (vergleichend) = as (comparison)
məa / ta: / uela: (a. Zeit, time) = wenn = when
proua: / prou: = weil = because
ua: = die/der/das (Relativpronomen) / dass / ob = that (relative pronoun)

คำบุพบท / Prpositionen / prepositions

bɔn / kangbɔn = auf = on
d / hai = fr = for
dʒa:k = von / aus = of / from
dtai / kang dtai = unter = under
duai = durch = by
k:ng / kang kng = bei = near
lang / kang lang = hinter = behind
n: = vor (a. das Gesicht) = in front of
pai = zu / zur / zum (a. gehen) = to (also: to walk)
r u:ng = zwischen = between
tab = gegen = against
t: = beim = at
tong k:m = gegenber = in front of

>> 2. Substantive und Adjektive / nouns and adjectives / คำนามและคำคุณศัพท์

>> 3. Verben / verbs / คำกริยา

>> 4. Themenbereiche / topics / หัวข้อ

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