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Energy turnaround, alternative energies

The combination of renewable energies, news (part 3)

Appeal: Perform the energy turnaround! - the arguments for solar energy, wind energy, wave energy, tide energy and streaming energy

Stirling solar power plant in
                Almeria in Spain  solar system
                on a tiled roof  wind park
                "Totoral" in Chile between Los Vilos and La
                Serena  wave chamber
                power plant in Limpet on Islay Island in South of
                Scotland
Stirling solar power plant in Almeria in Spain - solar system on a tiled roof - wind park "Totoral" in Chile between Los Vilos and La Serena -
wave chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay Island in South of Scotland
Pelamis wave snake power plant in Aguçadoura north
              of Porto in Portugal  wave storage
              power station in Hanstholm in Denmark  Oyster wave
              power station on the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland  power buoy
              power plant of OPT in the sea  tide power
              station "La Rance" near Saint Malo in Bretagne
              in France
Pelamis wave snake power plant in Aguçadoura north of Porto in Portugal - wave storage power station in Hanstholm in Denmark - Oyster wave power station
on the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland - power buoy power plant of OPT - tide power station "La Rance" near Saint Malo in Bretagne in France
Genious stream buoy, with an anchor, a cable and a
              transformer station, invention by Mr. Fritz Mondl -
              Austria
Genius stream buoy, with an anchor, a cable and a transformer station, invention by Mr. Fritz Mondl - Austria

by Michael Palomino (2014 / 2015)

Link to the short version of the appeal without photos

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February 9, 2014: GO WON WITH ENERGY TURNAROUND! - the arguments for solar energy, wind energy, wave energy, tide energy and streaming energy

Appeal!

Ladies and Gentlemen,

as a historian and analyst with logic analytic work since 1992 I suggest urgently

to PERFORM the energy turnaround: Do everything converting energy systems in a way so
-- solar energy
-- wind energy
-- wave energy
-- tide energy, and
-- streaming energy


will be the cheapest kinds of energies!

Renewable energies with sun, wind, waves,
                        tides, and streams
Renewable energies: sun, wind, waves, tides and streaming energy with the stream buoy

Examples for solar energy with sun
Solaranlage auf freiem Feld
Solar systems on the free field [1]. Cattle is using the shadow!
Solar tower power plant in Almeria in
                              Spain
Solar tower power plant in Almeria in Spain [2]

This big heat is burning birds - thus such a big plant has to be in areas where no birds live - in desert like areas.
Stirling solar power plant in
                              Almeria, Spain
Stirling solar power plant in Almeria, Spain [3]

Stirling solar power plant,
                              scheme
Stirling solar power plant, scheme [x016]
Map
                              of Spain and Portugal with the solar power
                              plants in Almeria in South of Spain
Map of Spain and Portugal with the solar power plants in Almeria in South of Spain [x009]

Stirling motors are working with hot air [web21]. "Dish Stirling Systems" have a performance [depending on direct sunlight] between 5 and 50 kW per day (indication of 2003). Several systems can be connected as a farm. The bigger the mirror the more performance is produced also with only little solar radiation. During much sun radiation the excessive energy is absorbed by a blowing machine [web20].

In 100 days 500 to 5,000 kW, in 300 days 1,500 to 15,000 kW, in 350 days 1,750 to 17,500 kW=
1.75 to 17.5MW per year
.

On the real photo the engine for tracing is on the ground, but in the scheme is on the bowl. The construction on the real photo seems to be essentially more stable, also in the case of a storm etc.

London, skyscraper "Walkie
                              Talkie" with curbed facade working
                              like a solar power plant 01
London, skyscraper "Walkie Talkie" with curbed facade working like a solar power plant 01 [4]

London, skyscraper "Walkie
                              Talkie" with curbed facade working
                              like a solar power plant 02
London, skyscraper "Walkie Talkie" with curbed facade working like a solar power plant 02 [5]

This skyscraper in London has an absolutely bad effect working like a solar power plant during certain times heating the ground thus plastic parts of cars are melting or the body of cars is deforming.
Solar power plant on a flat roof  Solar power plant on a flat roof
Solar power plant on a flat roof [6] - solar power plant on a tiled roof [7]

Solar trees on a pasture, the
                              cattle is using the shadow
Solar trees on a pasture (each 2.2 kW per day [average?]), the cattle is using the shadow [x002]

10 solar trees are 22 kW per day, 2,200 kW in 100 days, 6,600 kW in 300 days, 7,700 kW in 350 days=7.7 MW per year.

Cooking with sun with an aluminum
                              foil, a black cooking pot, a transparent
                              plastic bag, in Winterthur, May 8, 2008
Cooking with sun with an aluminum foil, a black cooking pot, a transparent plastic bag, in Winterthur, May 8, 2008 [8]

In Africa in regions without any power without any gas people is cooking like this with the sun preserving the forest wood.

Also in southern Europe or in central "America" there would be many places to apply this simple method of solar cooking!

***

Examples for wind energy

Wind park "Totoral" in Chile between Los Vilos and La Serena
Wind
                              park "Totoral" in Chile, shield
Wind park "Totoral" in Chile, shield [9]
Wind
                              park "Totoral" in Chile
Wind park "Totoral" in Chile [10]
Wind park "Totoral" in
                              Chile between Los Vilos and La Serena with
                              a view on the sea with a steady wind from
                              the sea
Wind park "Totoral" in Chile between Los Vilos and La Serena with a view on the sea with a steady wind from the sea [11]

This wind park "Totoral" in Chile was built by the company "SN Power" in Norway. Wikipedia writes: <On 20 January 2010, the company opened its first wind farm, Totoral Wind Farm, in the Coquimbo Region, 300 kilometers (190 mi) north of Santiago de Chile. The 46 megawatt wind farm consist of 23 Vestas (company Vestas in Denmark [web24]) V90-2 MW wind turbines and is expected to deliver 100–110 GWh per year> [web22]. And: <The construction cost was 140 million US$ and revenue is expected to be about 1/10 of construction costs [each year] depending on the price of kW.> [web23]

SN Power, Logo SN Power, Logo [x017]  Vestas, Logo Vestas, Logo [x018]

(SN=Stat kraft Norfund [web22] =state power institution)

So the purchase, the transport and the installation of one wind turbine costs about 5 million dollars, and it will produce electricity for 500,000 dollars each year. And this is power without waste and without atomic air. May be some birds will have some problems.

Wind park "Totoral"
                                      in Chile, zoom of a windmill
Wind park "Totoral" in Chile, zoom of a windmill [12]
Karte
                                        von Chile mit dem Windpark
                                        "Totoral" zwischen Los
                                        Vilos und La Serena
Map of Chile with the wind park "Totoral" between Los Vilos and La Serena
Off shore wind park of
                                      Middelgrunden near Copenhagen in
                                      Denmark
Off shore wind park of Middelgrunden near Copenhagen in Denmark [13]

Map with Copenhagen and
                                      Malmö with the wind parks of
                                      Middelgrunden and Lillgrund
Map with Copenhagen and Malmö with the wind parks of Middelgrunden and Lillgrund [x001]

SN Power
Lilleakerveien 6
0283 Oslo, Norway

Post address:
Postboks 200 - Lilleaker
0216 Oslo, Norway

SN Power:
Ph: + 47 66 71 70 00
Fax: +47 66 71 70 01
Email: info@snpower.com

Web site: http://www.snpower.com
[web25]
Vestas Wind Systems A/S
Hedeager 44
8200 Aarhus N
Denmark
Phone: (+45) 97 30 00 00
Fax: (+45) 97 30 00 01
vestas@vestas.com
Web site: http://www.vestas.com

Vestas has got it's offices in the whole world
(address list) [web26]



Wind tower and little windmills from Switzerland
Wind tower from Mr. Karl
                                      Bahnmüller and Mr. Patrick
                                      Richter, they store the energy
                                      with compressed air, Dübendorf
                                      near Zurich, Switzerland
Wind tower from Mr. Karl Bahnmüller and Mr. Patrick Richter, they store the energy with compressed air, Dübendorf near Zurich, Switzerland [14]

Little wind mill on a farm's
                                      roof in Frick Valley (Fricktal)
Little wind mill on a farm's roof in Frick Valley (Fricktal) [15]
Little wind power plant on a
                                      tower "Landi" in
                                      Marthalen, canton of Zurich
Little wind power plant on a tower "Landi" in Marthalen, canton of Zurich [16]
Wind tower of Bahnmüller and Richter in Dübendorf near Zurich (Switzerland) - company: "Agile Wind Power"

Wind tower company "Agile
                                Wind Power", logo Wind tower company "Agile Wind Power", logo [x019]

Actually (2014) there is a test run in Chur in Switzerland on the territory of "Josias Gasser Construction Parts Corp." ("Josias Gasser Baumaterialien AG") [web28] Bahnmüller and Richter have an own company Agile Wind Power AG" for their "Agile Wind Tower". The generator is on the floor and it's no difficulty to revise it as with wind turbines in big heights. Additionally a tank with compressed air should store the energy which can be sold during peak times. The rotor blades are movable and are in a maximum position to the wind and in a minimal position against the wind. This is an own patent of the constructors. May be usage will be a problem [web27]. But as the generator of the wind tower is having more resistance than the generators of windmills the wind tower is turning much slower. Add to this a wind tower has only less than the half of the parts than a wind mill, and the parts are lighter and more little than the ones of a wind mill. Thus also helicopter transports to remote areas are possible with not high costs [web28]. In 2014 a prototype with 0.5 MW performance per year will be tested [web29].

Agile Wind Power - Wangenstrasse 31 - CH-8600 Dübendorf (Switzerland) -
Tel. +41 44 228 90 00 - Fax +41 44 228 90 01 - E-Mail: info@agilewindpower.com - web site: http://www.agilewindpower.com/en

Map of Switzerland with Zurich,
                              Marthalen and Frick Valley (Fricktal)
Map of Switzerland with Zurich, Marthalen and Frick Valley (Fricktal) [x013]



Windrail from Switzerland

One more variation for big houses with several floors is the Windrail system ("Wind Rail") profiting 1: of differences of air pressure, 2: winds, and 3: solar cells at the same time. There are rotors inside transforming the constant air stream into power.

Windrail, scheme using solar
                              energy, wind energy and the differences of
                              air pressure at the roof edge of big
                              houses. Inventor: Sven Koehler
Windrail, scheme using solar energy, wind energy and the differences of air pressure at the roof edge of big houses. Inventor: Sven Koehler [17]

Windrail company Anerdgy,
                                      logo
[x021]
Windrail company: Anerdgy in Zurich (Switzerland) 
"Windrail" system ("Wind Rail") comes from Zurich. Engineer Sven Koehler founded an own Windrail company for development, production and sellings [web31]: Anerdgy (http://www.anerdgy.com)

Windrail
                                system with solar energy, air pressure
                                differences and winds at the edge of the
                                roof of high houses
Windrail system with solar energy, air pressure differences and winds at the edge of the roof of high houses [x020]

<Windrail can cover 70% of the need of power
Power is produced with this little power plant by wind which is climbing the storefront because there are air pressure differences. And there are solar cells on the casing. Depending from the house Windrail systems can cover up to 70 percent of the need of power of the building. [...] This project of engineer Mr. Koehler is supported by the Climate Funds (Klimafonds) of Winterthur and by Climate Foundation (Klimastiftung) of Switzerland.> [web30]

(original in German: <Windrail kann 70 Prozent des Strombedarfs abdecken
Strom erzeugt das Mini-Kraftwerk mit dem Wind, der an der Fassade hochzieht, durch die Druckunterschiede an der Dachkante und mit den Solarzellen auf der Hülle. Je nach Haus kann das Windrail bis zu 70 Prozent des Strombedarfs des jeweiligen Gebäudes decken. [...] Unterstützt wird Koehler vom Klimafonds Winterthur und von der Klimastiftung Schweiz.> [web30])

A first prototype of Windrail is working on "Landi" tower in Marthalen in Switzerland, see above.

Address: Anerdgy - Technoparkstrasse 1 - 8005 Zürich - Switzerland - E-Mail: info@anerdgy.ch - web site: http://www.anerdgy.com




*****

Examples for wave energy: there are hundreds of possibilities!

Wave energy power plant with an air chamber in Limpet on Islay Island (South of Scotland)

In general it's estimated that alone with world wide wave energy about 40% of world wide power need could be covered (see the Video Limpet Wellenkraftwerk, 20-28 sec.), and this corresponds to the power of about 700 to 800 nuclear power plants (ibidem, 32sec.). A subsidiary company of Voith Siemens Hydro, "Wavegen", developed and is managing the chamber wave power plant in Limpet on Islay Island in South of Scotland. The output of this plant is 500 kW per year [web05].

Map of South
                                  of Scotland with Islay Island with the
                                  wave chamber power plant in Limpet
Map of South of Scotland with Islay Island with the wave chamber power plant in Limpet [x008]

Address: Voith Hydro Wavegen Limited, 13a Harbour Road, Inverness IV1 1SY, Scotland, UK - tel.: +44 (0)1463 238094 - fax: +44 (0)1463 238096 - e-mail: Contact form - web site: http://www.wavegen.com

Wavegen was saved by 2005 by Voith Siemens [web34]. Voith,
                                    logo [x022] Wavegen, Logo [x023]

Wave
                              chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay
                              Island in South of Scotland, built in
                              2000, scheme from the video
Wave chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay Island in South of Scotland, built in 2000, scheme from the video [18]
Wave
                              chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay
                              Island in South of Scotland, built in
                              2000, producing power 24 h day and night
Wave chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay Island in South of Scotland, built in 2000, producing power 24 h day and night [19]
Wave
                              chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay
                              Island in Scotland, scheme 2
Wave chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay Island in Scotland, scheme 2 [20]


Wave chamber power plant in Limpet
                              on Islay Island in South of Scotland, view
                              from the back side with the engine
Wave chamber power plant in Limpet on Islay Island in South of Scotland, view from the back side with the engine [21]

The working principle of this little wave power plant is the water column in the chamber. This water columns is steadily moving up and down ("oscillating water column", "swinging water column"). Thus there is always an air stream pushed and torn by the engine ("compression" and "decompression"). This engine is working with both streaming sides without changing it's turning direction (Wells engine, invention of Mr. Allan Wells at the end of the 1980s [web04]) (see the video "Limpet Wellenkraftwerk, 1min.20-32sec.). The effect of power production is working with already relatively little waves (1min. 33-52sec.).

The air chamber is also called a funnel: <With this technique the water surface is pushed into a funnel covered by a roof. Within the funnel the water column is oscillating and is compressing and decompressing the air between the water surface and the "funnel roof". Thus there is air pressure and air pull changing without end in this chamber which is passed through the Wells engine being connected with a generator converting the energy into electric energy feeding the grid.> [web05]

(orig. in German: <Der Hohlraum wird auch als Trichter bezeichnet: <Bei dieser Technik wird die Wasseroberfläche mit einem trichterförmigen Dach abgedeckt. Innerhalb des Trichters oszilliert die Wassersäule und komprimiert/dekomprimiert das zwischen Wasseroberfläche und "Trichterdach" eingeschlossene Luftvolumen. Die in diesen Druckunterschieden gespeicherte Energie wird über eine Wells-Turbine und einen Generator in elektrische Energie verwandelt, die dann in das Stromnetz eingespeist werden kann.> [web05])


Video: Limpet - Wellenkraftwerk (Scotland)
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BbauzHi6QXQ)
<iframe width="853" height="480" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/BbauzHi6QXQ" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

3 minutes changing the consciousness for energy - atomic power, fracking, oil and gas as fuel, coal for electric power - ALL THIS is not needed any more!!!

Wave chamber power plant in Mutriku in Spain since 2011: 16 engines

In Mutriku another wave chamber power plant of this kind was inaugurated in 2011. It was integrated into a new pier. The turbines are installed vertically now. Let's cite Wikipedia: <In the power plant 16 engines are working with a performance of 296 kW [per day] producing 970 MWh each year> [web32].

(original in Spanish: <Consta de 16 turbinas con una potencia total de 296 kW [por día] capaces de producir 970MWh al año.> [web32])

Each of the 16 engines has got a performance of 18.5 kW per day [web33].


Map of Spanish Basque country with Mutriku

Wave
                              chamber power plant in a pier in Mutriku,
                              Basque country in Spain, inauguration was
                              in July of 2011
Wave chamber power plant in a pier in Mutriku, Basque country in Spain, inauguration was in July of 2011 [22]

Map of Spain and Portugal with
                              Mutriku in Spanish Basque country
Map of Spain and Portugal with Mutriku in Spanish Basque country [x009]
Engine hall of Mutriku wave chamber
                              power plant with vertical engines
Engine hall of Mutriku wave chamber power plant with vertical engines [23]

970 MWh each year without any atomic waste or gas pollution!


Video: People visiting the engine hall of this wave chamber power plant in July 2013 (Planta de energía de las olas de Mutriku)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7m1QrqPtQ8Q

The project came from "Ente Vasco de la Energía" (EVE) in Spain and the construction was realized by Scottish company "Voith Hydro Wavegen", the same Siemens branch which built the little wave chamber power station in Scotland in 2000 [web32].

Wave chamber power plant of Mutriku
                                in Basque country in Spain, working
                                scheme with the air chamber and
                                compressed air (air pushed out) and
                                sucked air (air pull)
Bild vergrössern Wave chamber power plant of Mutriku in Basque country in Spain, working scheme with the air chamber and compressed air (air pushed out) and sucked air (air pull) [24]


Pelamis wave snake power plant (pelamis=Greek: sea snake) - "wave snake" - "Pelamis wave energy converter"

In the open sea one can install Pelamis power plants working like snakes. The condition is that the ground of the sea is not lower than 70 meters otherwise one cannot control the device on the ground any more. This counts also for all other off shore installations.

The company has got itself the name of "Pelamis": Pelamis Wave Power Ltd. - 31 Bath Rd, Leith, Edinburgh EH6 7AH Scotland. UK -
tel.: +44 (0) 131 554 8444 - e-mail: enquiries@pelamiswave.com - web site: http://www.pelamiswave.com [web35]
See also this web site: https://www.furnacecompare.com/energy-efficiency/pelamis.html

Power water snake "Pelamis"
                              in a dry dock
Power water snake "Pelamis" in a dry dock [25]
Wave power park with three pelamis
                              (wave snake) near Aguçadoura in the region
                              of Porto, with a Portuguese flag
Wave power park with three pelamis (wave snakes) near Aguçadoura in the north of Portugal, with a Portuguese flag [26]
Wave power plant with three Pelamis
                              (wave snakes) near Aguçadoura in the north
                              of Portugal, producing power during 24
                              hours during day and night without waste
                              or air pollution
Wave power plant with three Pelamis (wave snakes) near Aguçadoura in the north of Portugal, producing power during 24 hours during day and night without waste or air pollution [27]
Pelamis wave power plant, hydraulic
                              joint with power station inside
Pelamis wave power plant, hydraulic joint with power station inside [28]

Length 180m, diameter 4m, can be installed in the open sea with a ground profundity of down to 70 meters. Until today there are three Pelamis parks: near Aguçadoura in Portugal, near Orkney Islands in Scotland, and near the town of Hayle in England [web01].

Map of Spain and Portugal with
                              Aguçadoura in North of Portugal
Map of Spain and Portugal with Aguçadoura in North of Portugal [x009]


Video: Scale Wave Power Station
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fet4bCYvmLw)
<iframe width="640" height="480" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/fet4bCYvmLw" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

3 minutes changing the consciousness for energy - atomic power, fracking, oil and gas as fuel, coal for electric power - ALL THIS is not needed any more!!!

Wave storage power stations
Wave
                              storage power station pumping water,
                              scheme
Wave storage power station pumping water, scheme [29]
Wave
                              storage power station pumping compressed
                              air, scheme
Wave storage power station pumping compressed air, scheme [30]

Combined wave storage power station
                              with water and compressed air, scheme 03
Combined wave storage power station with water and compressed air, scheme 03 [31]
The construction with pumps on the floor is not so suggestible because of the destruction of the sea ground.

Video: Blue Energy - Ocean Power
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYfs-qYGzvs)
<iframe width="853" height="480" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/fYfs-qYGzvs" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

10 minutes changing the consciousness for energy - atomic power, fracking, oil and gas as fuel, coal for electric power - ALL THIS is not needed any more!!!


Wave storage power plant "Wave Star" in Hanstholm in North of Denmark
(wave power plant Hanstholm)

<The prototype of "Wave Star" power plant was inaugurated in 2009 and is producing power since 2010> [web02]. <The advantage of Wave Star power plant is that the elements can work also with little waves of only 50 cm producing power already.> [web01]

(original in German: <Der Prototyp des "Wave Star" wurde 2009 eingeweiht und produziert seit 2010 Strom> [web02]. <Der Vorteil der Wave Star Machine ist, dass die Schwimmer schon bei Wellenhöhen von nur 50 Zentimetern ausreichend bewegt werden, um Strom zu produzieren.> [web01]


Map with Hanstholm (where Wave Star is) and with Holstebro (where Dexa Wave is) in Denmark at the coast of North Sea

Wave storage power plant of
                              "Wave Star" in Hanstholm in
                              Denmark, prototype
Wave storage power plant of "Wave Star" in Hanstholm in Denmark, prototype [32]

Wave storage power plant of
                              "Wave Star" in Hanstholm in
                              Denmark with the view on the working
                              elements (floats)  Wave storage power plant of
                              "Wave Star" in Hanstholm in
                              Denmark, zoom of the floats  Wave storage power plant of
                              "Wave Star" in Hanstholm in
                              Denmark, floats saved in the air
Wave storage power plant of "Wave Star" in Hanstholm in Denmark with the view on the working elements (floats) [33], zoom of the floats [34], and floats safed in the air [35].

Wave storage power station
                                      "Wave Star" with 10
                                      floats, project
Wave storage power station "Wave Star" with 10 floats, project [36]

With waves of only 50 cm power producing is beginning: <The advantage of Wave Star power plant is that the elements can work also with little waves of only 50 cm producing power already.> and there is produced a pressure of "up to 200 bar" [web01]. During storms and calm weather the floats are saved upside [web03].

This is a prototype in a scale 1 to 2 [web01]. The floats have a diameter of 5 meters. The location is 300 meters off Hanstholm in the North Sea at a water depth of 7 meters and produces electricity to the grid.> [web02]

Wave Star A/S

Park Allé 350A, DK-2605 Broendby (Kopenhagen)
Tel: +45 4040 4696
http://www.wavestarenergy.com
http://www.facebook.com/wavestarenergy


Swimming wave power plant "Dexa Wave" (Holstebro, North of Denmark)

Dexa Wave is a little "ship" with a joint in the middle and with al little transformer station on it. This little ship is adapting to the waves and in the joint energy is produced. Dexa Wave comes from Holstebro in Denmark (DEXAWAVE A/S - Enghaven 49 - DK-7500 Holstebro - +45 8651 8690 - E-Mail: info@dexawave.com - http://www.dexawave.com) [web16].

Moving the joint in the middle there is power produced during 24 hours during day and night. In the sea before Malta Island a first model is working professionally [web16] near Marsascala [web17]. The conditions of Malta are a constant wave stream and deep sea floor thus wind parks are impossible [web18].

Dexa Wave
                                power plant model  Dexa Wave power plant, tubes  Dexa Wave is installed near Malta
                                with a fishing cutter, 2011
Dexa Wave power plant [x003] - Dexa Wave, tubes [x004] - Dexa Wave is installed near Malta with a fishing cutter, 2011 [x006]

Map of
                                        Denmark with Hanstholm,
                                        Holstebro, Copenhagen and Malmö
Map of Denmark with Hanstholm, Holstebro, Copenhagen and Malmö [x010]

Map with Malta in the Mediterranean where the first Dexa Wave is working professionally

Video Dexa Wave 3
Video Dexa Wave 3: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xFM5tTYnUlI [x005]


Video Dexa Wave 3 (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xFM5tTYnUlI) (50sec.)


"Oyster" wave power plant in Scotland on one of the Orkney Islands (Oyster wave energy converter)

This oyster power plant is placed far from a beach and the waves are moving the barrier back and forth without end - like an oyster.

Oyster wave power plant on one of the
                              Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              scheme with cable and transforming station
                              on the coast
Oyster wave power plant on one of the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland, scheme with cable and transforming station on the coast [37]

24 hours per day power for free without waste or air pollution...
Oyster wave power plant in Scotland,
                              scheme with several elements
Oyster wave power plant in Scotland, scheme with several elements [38], this is a project for 2013 [web01]

Map of Scotland with Islay
                                Island with the wave chamber power
                                plant, and with Orkney Islands with the
                                Oyster wave power plant  Map with Orkney Islands, North of
                                Scotland
Map of Scotland with Islay Island with the wave chamber power plant, and with Orkney Islands with the Oyster wave power plant [x014,x015]

"Oyster" wave power
                                plant in a factory hall
"Oyster" wave power plant in a factory hall [x025]

This model of power plant is called "Oyster" because it's moving like an oyster sea shell always opening and closing without end.

Oyster wave power plant with wave,
                              scheme
Oyster wave power plant with wave, scheme [39]
Oyster with a pearl
Oyster with a pearl [30]

Oyster wave power plant on one
                                of the Orkney Islands in North of
                                Scotland with the view to a cliff,
                                installed in 2007

Oyster wave power plant on one of the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland with the view to a cliff, installed in 2007 [41] [web01]

Oyster wave power plant on one of
                              the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 01  Oyster wave power plant on one of the
                              Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 02  Oyster wave power plant on one of the
                              Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 03
Oyster wave power plant on one of
                              the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 04  Oyster wave power plant on one of the
                              Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 05  Oyster wave power plant on one of the
                              Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 06
Oyster wave power plant on one of
                              the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 07  Oyster wave power plant on one of the
                              Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 08  Oyster wave power plant on one of the
                              Orkney Islands in North of Scotland,
                              procedure 09
Oyster wave power plant on one of the Orkney Islands in North of Scotland, course 1-9 [42-50]

Video: Wave power in action: Aquamarine Power's Oyster 800 wave energy machine
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCheEfaoCOs)
<iframe width="853" height="480" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/fCheEfaoCOs" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe>

The company "Aquamarine Power" is waiting for your questions [web36]:

Main phone number: +44 131 524 1440

E-mail: info@aquamarinepower.com

Web site: http://www.aquamarinepower.com

http://www.aquamarinepower.com/contact-us

Edinburgh, Scotland (Head Office)

Aquamarine Power
Elder House
24 Elder Street
Edinburgh
EH1 3DX

T:+44 131 524 1440

F:+44 131 524 1444

Belfast, Northern Ireland

Aquamarine Power
School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering
David Keir Building
Queen's University, Belfast
Belfast
BT9 5AG

T:+44 131 524 1440

F:+44 131 524 1444
This is the
                                      logo of the company
                                      "Aquamarine Power" from
                                      Edinburgh producing
                                      "Oyster" wave power
                                      plant
This is the logo of the company "Aquamarine Power" from Edinburgh producing "Oyster" wave power plant [x024].





At the same time the company Aquamarine Power is asking clearly why the "European Union" is permitting atomic power yet when there is so much wave power: <Nuclear insanity – is the EU seeing the nuclear light?> [web36]


Power buoys: PowerBuoy wave power plants

Power buoys are producing power by their construction with a hydraulic joint in the middle. With a wave the buoy is extending and with a wave valley the boy is contracting. This hydraulic machinery in the buoy is producing power which is transformed in a little generator in the buoy and power is transferred to the coast with a cable. Main producer for these PowerBuoys is OPT (Ocean Power Technologies):

Power buoy
                                  of OPT on a lorry in New Jersey  power buoy of OPT during a test
                                  run in the port of Seattle big power buoy of OPT in the sea
Power buoy of OPT on a lorry in New Jersey [51] - power buoy of OPT during a test run in the port of Seattle [52] - big power buoy of OPT in the sea [58]

Power buoy on the first photo is relatively little with a height of 5.6 to 9 meters, with a height over the water level of 1.7 meters, with it's part under the water level (draft) of 7.4 meters, with a medium difference of wave of 1.5 meters, and with a weight of 2,140 kg [web06].

<Dimensions:
Overall Height (deployed): 29.5 feet (9m)
Overall Height (stowed): 18.5 feet (5.6m)
Height Above Waterline: 5.4 feet (1.7m)
Draft: 24.1 feet (7.4m)
Average Float Diameter: 5.0 feet (1.5m)
Weight (no payload): 4,720 lbs (2,140kg)>

Power buoy is not only producing energy but can also be supplied with some transmitters and sensors being like a research station: light buoys warning from the coast line, off shore fish farms, sonar systems, radar systems, sea ground sensors. More combinations are possible with drilling platforms or deposits on the open sea [web06].

See the list:

<Surface or subsurface applications include powering
• Oceanographic Observatories
• Coast Guard Buoys
• Off-Shore Fish Farming
• Sonar/Radar Systems
• Geophysical Sea Bed Sensing
• Offshore oil and gas platforms>

and so on.

Big power buoys

Big power buoys have dimensions of up to 45 to 50 meters and with diameters of 10 to 13 meters.
Big
                              power buoy, scheme
Big power buoy, scheme [53,54]
Big
                              power buoy waiting for it's
                              transportation
Big power buoy waiting for it's transportation [55]

Big power buoy on a lorry
Big power buoy on a lorry [56]

Power buoy in the sea with a
                                      transformation station and a power
                                      cable on the sea bottom, scheme
Power buoy in the sea with a transformation station and a power cable on the sea bottom, scheme [57]
Big power buoy of OPT in the
                                      sea
Big power buoy of OPT in the sea [58]
Power buoy park with an
                                      underground transformer station
                                      and power cables to the shore,
                                      scheme
Power buoy park with an underground transformer station and power cables to the shore, scheme [59]
Power buoy
                                      farm (power buoy park), scheme
Power buoy farm (power buoy park), scheme [60]


Video: Ocean Power Technologies PB150 Power Buoy Animation (2min.44sec.)
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EsRzTl6Q24E)

3 minutes changing the consciousness for energy - atomic power, fracking, oil and gas as fuel, coal for electric power - ALL THIS is not needed any more!!!


Addresses of OPT [web07]



In the US & Canada                          
Ocean Power Technologies, Inc.
1590 Reed Road        
Pennington, New Jersey 08534, USA

Phone:

+1 609 730-0400

Fax:

+1 609 730-0404

In the UK & European Union
Ocean Power Technologies, Ltd.
Warwick Innovation Centre
Gallows Hill
Warwick CV34 6UW, United Kingdom

Phone:

+44 (0) 1926 623370

Fax:

+44 (0) 1926 408190

In Australia & Asia
Ocean Power Technologies (Australasia) Pty. Ltd.
PO Box 12 Collins Street West
Melbourne, Victoria 3000, Australi


E-mail: Mark3NA@oceanpowertech.com - web site: http://www.oceanpowertechnologies.com







*****
Examples for tide power (tide power stations) - 24 hours energy during day and night for free!

Sea water is passing little tunnels of a wall where engines are installed in connection with a transformer station producing power.
Tide power plant with engine in a
                                dam with streams of low and high tide,
                                scheme
Tide power plant with engine in a dam with streams of low and high tide, scheme [61]

Disadvantage: ships cannot pass. The advantage is that there is a bridge built and revisions and repairs can be simply in a blocked tunnel.
Map with the position of tide power
                                plants of Brouwersdam with Grevelingen
                                Sea in Holland and "La Rance"
                                near Saint-Malo in Bretagne in France
Map with the position of tide power plants of Brouwersdam with Grevelingen Sea in Holland and "La Rance" near Saint-Malo in Bretagne in France [x011].

Tide power plant of Brouwersdam in
                                Holland at Grevelingen Sea, built in
                                1971
Tide power plant of Brouwersdam in Holland at Grevelingen Sea, built in 1971 [62]
Tide power plant of "La
                                Rance" near Saint-Malo, Bretagne,
                                France
Tide power plant of "La Rance" near Saint-Malo, Bretagne, France [63]
Tide power parks
There is also the possibility of tide power parks. Depending on the deepness of the waters there can be visible poles or not. This installation is much cheaper than to build a dam with tunnels, but the submarine attention will be a little bit more expensive..
Fence power plant
Fence power plant [64]

Advantage: ships can pass. Disadvantage: There is no bridge built and revisions and repairs under water are without the simple possibility to block the water and thus are more expensive.
Tide stream
                                  engines for tidal power farms from the
                                  company "Hammerfest Strøm"
                                  respectively "ANDRITZ HYDRO
                                  Hammerfest", the performance of
                                  each engine is 1 MW each year
Tide stream engines for tidal power farms from the company "Hammerfest Strøm" respectively "ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest", the performance of each engine is 1 MW each year [x026]

Contact "Hammerfest Strøm" respectively "ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest" [web37]:
Web site: http://www.hammerfeststrom.com
Andritz Hydro
                                        Hammerfest,Logo
Norway:
Scotland:
ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest
Sjøgata 6, P.O Box 403
NO-9615 Hammerfest (Norway)
Telephone: +47 78 40 62 00
E-Mail: contact@hammerfeststrom.com

ANDRITZ HYDRO Hammerfest
Innovation Centre
1 Ainslie Road
Hillington Park
Glasgow G52 4RU (Scotland)
Telephone: +44 (0) 141 585 6447
Telefax: +44 (0) 141 585 6448
E-Mail: contact@hammerfeststrom.com





Simple streaming power plants

Streaming power plants can work with very simple engines when the streaming is more or less the same. There are water mills, weirs, reservoirs, river power plants and little streaming power plants.
Water mill in Ulm, Germany
Water mill in Ulm, Germany [65]
River power plant in Eglisau at
                                Rhine River (Switzerland)
River power plant in Eglisau at Rhine River (Switzerland) [66]

Genius and environment friendly stream buoy (inventor: Fritz Mondl, Austria)

This stream buoy is interesting for all locations where a river is at least 2 or 3 meters deep and where is a middle or strong stream.
Stream buoy before the transport
Stream buoy before the transport [67]

There are different models.
Stream buoy in a river
Stream buoy in a river [68]

Stream buoy is a relatively new invention of 2006 and comes from lower Austria from the company "Aqua Libre Energieentwicklungs GmbH" [web08]. Inventor is Mr. Fritz Mondl from Vienna. When there was a building work in Joching between Spitz and Dürnstein on Danube River before Vienna in Wachau region he recognized the stream during rowing and he was watching the buoys in the river. Thinking about the force of river's stream he developed stream buoy together with technical universities [web13].

Map of
                                    Austria with the landscape of
                                    "Wachau" on Danube River
                                    before Vienna
Map of Austria with the landscape of "Wachau" on Danube River before Vienna [69]

Another video means that Mr. Mondl was canoeing having had his "brilliant idea" [web14, 0-2min.]. Well it's not important with which sport it is connected. The fact is that it's even an art rowing or canoeing against the river's stream not being driven backwards [web14, 6min.40-60sec.]. This "brilliant idea" of Mr. Mondl is genius. Small but mighty, this is renewable energy at its best - from Austria:


Joching, view from Danube River
Joching, view from Danube River [70]

Fritz Mondl (with beard),
                                inventor of stream buoy, graphic
                                designer and industrial designer
Fritz Mondl (with beard), inventor of stream buoy, graphic designer and industrial designer [71]
Rowing on Danube
                                River let's feel the resistance of the
                                stream
Rowing on Danube River let's feel the resistance of the stream [72]
At a normal buoy
                                in Danube River near Joching one can see
                                the resistanceof the stream
At a normal buoy in Danube River near Joching one can see the resistance of the stream [73]

Video: Stream buoy - report for Energy Globe Award
(Strom-Boje (R) - Bericht für EnergyGlobe Award (1080p) (2min.)
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmdXFILgJpo)


Video: Stream buoy in Austrian TV "Servus TV"
(Video: Strom-Boje auf Servus TV 10.2011 (7min.30sec.)
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Rec8UlPdS0)


Stream buoy in a TV broadcast of
                                Austrian TV station "Servus
                                TV" from 2011
Stream buoy in a TV broadcast of Austrian TV station "Servus TV" from 2011 [74]

Fritz Mondl in the video of
                                Servus TV, the inventor of stream buoy
                                on the Danube
Fritz Mondl in the video of Servus TV, the inventor of stream buoy on the Danube [75]
For checks and repairs of the stream buoy a catamaran is used. The buoy is fixed at it's tail with an anchor chain in the river bed - with a pole installed. When the stream is doubling the power producing effect is 8 times as much. The power cable is fixed at the anchor's chain and is placed on the river bed leading to the shore to a transformer station. This cable can also be installed under ground without problems. Little models of power buoys deliver 75 kW per day (about 75 house holds) [web14, 1-5 min.]. Stream buoy is winning energy which needs a canoe or a rowing boat against the stream not being driven backward [web14, 6min.30sec.-7min.15sec.].

Catamaran for stream buoy check
Catamaran for stream buoy check [76]

A stream buoy in Danube River
A stream buoy in Danube River [77]

Photos from the video: Stream buoy report for Austrian climate protection prize of 2010:
(Video: Strom-Boje® - Bericht für österreichischen Klimaschutzpreis 2010):

Stream buoy
                                  in the catamaran half in the stream
                                  yet
Stream buoy in the catamaran half in the stream yet [78] [web15]

Stream buoy in the catamaran
                                  half in the stream yet 02
Stream buoy in the catamaran half in the stream yet 02 [79] [web15]


Video: Stream buoy report for Austrian climate protection prize of 2010:
(Strom-Boje® - Bericht für österreichischen Klimaschutzpreis 2010
)
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n0FqCJJURFU)

9 meters long, 3 meters large. Stream buoy is fixed with an anchor's chain [web09].

For a good use of a stream buoy minimal water depth has to be 2 or 3 meters and there should be a medium stream [web08]. At the same time stream buoys are absolutely saving the environment, they are "soft power plants" [web11].

Logo of the
                                  company "Aqua Libre" with
                                  the production of the stream buoy of
                                  Fritz Mondl
[x028]
The production of the stream buoy is in the south east of Vienna. Address and contact are here:

Aqua Libre Energieentwicklungs Gmbh | Bäckerstraße 1 | A-2433 Margarethen am Moos |  Austria  |   Tel.: +43(1)865 42 63-25 | E-Mail:  f.mondl@aqualibre.at   |   web site: http://www.aqualibre.at

<The stream buoy is placed in a way thus during low and medium water level the buoy is flowing a little bit under the water level. Anchor chain is holding it in the most favorable streaming. The construction is only an anchor and the fixation of the anchor, and the device for the power conversion has to be built.> [web08]

(original in German: <Die Strom-Boje wird so platziert, dass sie bei niederem bis hohem Mittelwasser leicht unterhalb der Wasseroberfläche schwimmt und von einer Ankerkette an dem Punkt mit der günstigsten Strömung gehalten wird. Die baulichen Maßnahmen im Fluss bestehen in einem eingeborten Ankerstab und der Energieabführung.>) [web08]

High water levels: even more electricity production!

During a high water level and floods big power plants have to stop their work or are even damaged. But stream buoy is surviving a deluge without problems just under the water level and all flotsam is passing over it [web08]. During high water levels the streaming is strong and the power production is higher and can even reach the double, for example not 13 kW per day but 30 kW per day [web10]. One stream buoy can produce power for 30 households [web12].

Finding the best places of streamings in the river
Stream buoys are installed aside of the shipping water ways. For finding the best streaming places in a river a special GPS probe was invented being driven through Danube River measuring position and speed at any time [web14, 5-6min.].

No injuries
The rotor of the stream buoy is made in a shape so fishes are not hurt with it when they accidentally are passing the buoy inside [web14, 6min.0-40sec.].

World record during high water level and floods during 2010
Such a stream buoy was installed in Danube River before Vienna in "Wachau" region. During the floods of Danube in 2010 a new world record was reached: <World record for water power in free stream of 3 kW / m2 was exceeded widely reaching 10 kW / m2 rotor surface during a speed of the water of 3 m / s [10.8 km/h].> [web10]

(original in German: <Weltrekord für Wasserkraft in freier Strömung von 3 kW /m² weit überschritten: auf 10 kW /m² Rotorfläche bei 3m/s.> [web10])

500 stream buoys for 35,000 house holds

Data from the video: Video: Strom-Boje® - Bericht für österreichischen Klimaschutzpreis 2010 [web15]:

With 500 stream buoys the whole "Wachau" region could be supplied with power and a complete autarky of electricity for 35,000 households (1min.0-33sec.). Buoys are surviving any flood also when all other water power plants have to stop their work (1min. 35-48sec.). Also a stream of 4 meters per second [14.4 km/h] are no problem (1min.50sec.-2min.12sec.). Buoys are adapting to the water level and are not changing the water level. Fishes and swimmers cannot hurt themselves by the buoy, all this was tested well. Invisibility of buoys is well accepted by the population, and even fishers are content that fishes are not hurt by it (2min.12-51sec.). In 2010 a bigger stream buoy with a higher efficiency was in project yet. The principle is simple: "Install it - anchor it - plug it. And then pure ecologic electricity is working." (2min.51sec.-3min.6sec.).



***

Forbid spoiling and damaging energies - because costs for damages are not included in the price!!!

One has to see it clearly:

There is no or only little damage with solar energy, wind energy, wave, tide or streaming energy - and one has to consider

-- that the big damage by atomic power is NOT included in the price of electricity (damages by uranium mines, contamination by uranium mines, brute contamination by atomic radiation by accidents, high cancer rates, atomic waste for eternity)
-- that the damage by coal mines is NOT included in the price of electricity (illnesses by dust and ill coal miners)
-- that the damage by brown coal is NOT included in the price of electricity (illnesses by dust, destroyed locations)
-- that the damage by fracking is NOT included in the price of fracked oil and fracked gas (eternal damage with contaminated ground water, contamination of complete rivers and lakes, complete contamination during floods is possible when retention basins are cracking, allergies and illnesses, locations become uninhabitable)
-- that the damage by oil is NOT included (brute environment damages)
-- that the damage of gas explosions is NOT included in the gas price either (exploding pipelines, exploding houses and gas bottles).

This means that clean kinds of energy like solar energy, wind energy, wave energy, tide energy and streaming energy are hardly or not affecting the social care systems, the health care systems and the environment, but other kinds of energy are partly really affecting and even destroying them. Thus the money which is spent for solar power, wind power, wave power, tide power and streaming power is saved at other locations!

This means that any subsidization for solar power, wind power, wave power, tide power and streaming power is RIGHT!!!

Please spread these arguments to the whole world thus there will be an end with the other dirty and radiating kinds of energies, also with the "atomic blinds" like Mr. Cameron, Mr. Hollande, also the government in Argentina, and atomic corrupt Japanese and Russian governments - and of course with the "atomic and fracking blind" government of "U.S.A." (Stupid States) etc.!

Give absolute priority to the clean energies with sun, wind, waves, tides and streams!

Forbid the dirty and radiating kinds of energies! Our planet has to be protected from atomic power, coal, oil and fracking at least!

!!!NO atomic plants - NO coal power - NO oil power - NO fracking!!!

Michael Palomino, Feb 9, 2014, translation Feb 12, 2014
Logic analytic historiography since 1992
Web site in history: http://www.hist-chron.com
Web site in sociology and medicine etc.: http://www.med-etc.com
Facebook: Michael Palomino Ale

Forbid atomic plants, e.g. Leibstadt
                              in Switzerland
Forbid atomic plants, e.g. Leibstadt in Switzerland [80]
Forbid fracking, e.g. fracking tower
                              in Wyoming, "U.S.A."
Forbid fracking, e.g. fracking tower in Wyoming, "U.S.A." [81]
Forbid coal mines, e.g. coal mines in
                              Appalachian Mountains in
                              "U.S.A."
Forbid coal mines, e.g. coal mines in Appalachian Mountains in "U.S.A." [82]
Forbid strip mining, here in
                              Garzweiler in Germany with a bucket
                              excavator
Forbid strip mining, here in Garzweiler in Germany with a bucket excavator [83]
Oil drilling is not necessary for the
                              generation of energy - here oil dwells in
                              Argentina between Neuquén and Zapala
Oil drilling is not necessary for the generation of energy - here oil dwells in Argentina between Neuquén and Zapala [84]
Gas stove, gas is always explosive
                              and is not necessary for the generation of
                              energy
Gas stove, gas is always explosive and is not necessary for the generation of energy [85]


Forbid geothermic drilling - risk cannot be calculated
Geothermic drilling are very very very dangerous, are often provoking earthquakes and can destroy complete locations (see Staufen in southern Germany and Lochwiller in Alsace in France). Geothermic drilling can provoke that the underground water is coming up without control irregularly provoking that plaster is formed provoking a bulging of the ground of whole localities without control irregularly and in this way whole localities can be destroyed (in Staufen there are cracks up to 10cm, in Lochwiller there are many cracks in houses and there are even inclined houses etc.)

Forbid
                                geothermic drillings, example of Staufen
                                of 2006 and 2007
Forbid geothermic drilling, example of Staufen of 2006 and 2007 [88]

Hebungsrisse durch die
                                Geothermie-Bohrungen in Staufen von 2006
                                / 2007  Cracks by geothermic drilling in
                                Staufen, southern Germany 2
Cracks by geothermic drilling in Staufen, southern Germany 1 and 2 [86, 87].

And the bad news is: It does never stop - 1 cm per year!

And there are more accidents with drilling:

In Saint Urban in Switzerland a drilling activity hit a gas deposit in 2014 [web19].




<<     >>

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Sources
[web01] http://www.konstruktion.de/allgemein/hydraulik-buendelt-das-potenzial-von-wellenkraftwerken/
[web02] http://www.hornonline.com/frontpage/denmark/destination-denmark/wave-star
[web03] http://mhk.pnnl.gov/wiki/index.php/Wave_Star
[web04] Wells engine, invention of Mr. Allan Wells in Belfast at the end of the 1980s: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wells-Turbine
[web05] Voith Siemens: http://www.solarserver.de/news/news-5179.html
[web06] power buoys: http://www.oceanpowertechnologies.com/PDF/PowerSystem.pdf
[web07] OPT: http://www.oceanpowertechnologies.com/stage/mark3.html
[web08] http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strom-Boje
[web09] http://tube.7s-b.com/Strom-Boje/
[web10] http://www.oekonews.com/index.php?mdoc_id=1051362

[web11] https://www.evn.at/EVN-Group/Energie-Zukunft/Zukunftsprojekte/Strombojen.aspx
[web12] Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmdXFILgJpo, 1min.10-18sec.
[web13] Video: Strom-Boje® - Bericht für EnergyGlobe Award (1080p): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmdXFILgJpo, 0-55sec.
[web14] Video: Strom-Boje auf Servus TV 10.2011: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Rec8UlPdS0
[web15] Video: Strom-Boje® - Bericht für österreichischen Klimaschutzpreis 2010: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P-YyGUFGj0k
[web16] http://www.dexawave.com/media.html
[web17] Danish Dexawave has begun a wave energy project at Malta (word-Document); In: http://www.dexawave.com/media.html
[web18] http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20110605/local/uk-firm-launches-wave-energy-project-in-malta.369062#.UvmbRkgcZ0o
[web19] St. Urban: Drilling into a gas deposit: http://www.20min.ch/schweiz/zentralschweiz/story/26058554
[web20] Stirling dish solar power plant systems:
http://www.bine.info/themen/erneuerbare-energien/solare-waerme/publikation/solarthermische-kraftwerke/dish-stirling-systeme/

[web21] Stirling motor: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stirlingmotor
[web22] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SN_Power
[web23] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Totoral_Wind_Farm
[web24] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vestas
[web25] http://www.snpower.com/about-us/our-offices/
[web26] http://www.vestas.com/en/about/find_vestas#!sales-and-service
[web27] wind tower in Dübendorf near Zurich, Switzerland: http://www.tagesanzeiger.ch/zuerich/oberland/Vertikale-Windraeder-Ein-alter-Ingenieurstraum/story/14490530
[web28] wind tower in Dübendorf near Zurich, Switzerland: http://www.suedostschweiz.ch/wirtschaft/windturm-soll-strommarkt-revolutionieren
[web29] wind tower in Dübendorf near Zurich, Switzerland: http://www.agilewindpower.com/de
[web30] Windrail from Zurich: http://www.20min.ch/schweiz/zuerich/story/27313443

[web31] Windrail from Zurich: http://startup.ch/index.cfm?page=129382&profil_id=6102&backpage=129573
[web32] Wave chamber power plant of Mutriku: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_undimotriz_de_Motrico
[web33] Mutriku: http://voith.com/en/products-services/hydro-power/ocean-energies/wave-power-plants-590.html
[web34] Wavegen Voith Siemens company: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-highlands-islands-21657133
[web35] Pelamis company: http://www.pelamiswave.com/
[web36] Aqyuamarine Power company (Oyster power plant): http://www.aquamarinepower.com/contact-us/
[web37] Hammerfest Strom company (Andritz Hydro Hammerfest) for tide turbines: http://www.hammerfeststrom.com/about-us/contact-us/

Photo sources

Solar energy
[1] Solar power plant on the free field: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:Solaranlage_IMG_0533.jpg
[2] Solar tower power station in Almeria in Spain: http://www.volker-quaschning.de/artikel/konzenson2/index.php
[3] Stirling solar power station in Almeria in Spain: http://www.volker-quaschning.de/artikel/konzenson2/index.php
[4] Skyscraper "Walkie Talkie" in London with curbed facade having the effect of a solar power station: http://www.tageblatt.lu/nachrichten/story/17463441
[5] Skyscraper "Walkie Talkie" in London with curbed facade having the effect of a solar power station up to 72 degrees Celsius:
http://inhabitat.com/rafael-vinoly-admits-to-making-a-lot-of-mistakes-with-londons-walkie-scorchie-skyscraper/
[6] Solar power station on a flat roof: http://www.energie2030.com/e2030/de/projekte.html
[7] Solar power station on a tiled roof: http://www.ibele-gebaeudetechnik.de/solar.htm
[8] Solar cooking station with aluminum foil, black pot and transparent plastic bag: photo by Michael Palomino 2008

Wind energy
[9-12] Wind park "Totoral" in Chile: photos by Michael Palomino
[13] Off shore wind park of Middelgrunden near Copenhagen in Denmark: http://www.esma-touristic.com/spanien-iberdrola-setzt-auf-schottland/
[14] Wind tower in combination with compressed air, Zurich, Switzerland:
http://www.tagesanzeiger.ch/zuerich/unterland/Vertikale-Windraeder-Ein-alter-Ingenieurstraum/story/14490530
[15] Little wind mill on a farm in Frick Valley (Fricktal), Switzerland: http://bazonline.ch/basel/land/Das-Rad-der-Zeit-dreht-mit-dem-Wind/story/19638916
[16] Wind power station on a Landi tower, Marthalen, canton of Zurich, Switzerland: http://www.20min.ch/schweiz/zuerich/story/27313443, photo 1
[17] Windrail, scheme: http://www.20min.ch/schweiz/zuerich/story/27313443, photo 6

Wave chamber power station in Limpet on Islay Island, Scotland
[18] Wave chamber power station in Limpet on Islay Island, Scotland: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BbauzHi6QXQ, 1min.11sec.
[19] Wave chamber power station in Limpet on Islay Island, Scotland, 2000: http://writd.blogspot.com/2011/03/scottish-revolution.html
[20] Wave chamber power station in Limpet on Islay Island, Scotland, scheme 2:
http://brageconsultores.blogspot.com/2009/04/planta-de-energia-maritima-en-motrico.html
[21] Wave chamber power station in Limpet on Islay Island, Scotland, view of the back with the engine: http://www.solarserver.de/news/news-5179.html

Wave chamber power station in Mutriku, Basque country, Spain
[22] Wave chamber power station integrated in the pier, Mutriku, Basque country, Spain:
http://www.eve.es/Noticias/Jornada-de-puertas-abiertas-en-la-planta-de-energi.aspx
[23] Turbine hall of Mutriku with vertical engines: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7m1QrqPtQ8Q, 36sec.
[24] Wave chamber power station in Mutriku, scheme: http://desenchufados.net/mutriku-estrena-la-primera-planta-precomercial-de-energia-undimotriz/

Pelamis park of Aguçadoura in the north of Portugal
[25] Pelamis power station (water snake) in a dry dock: http://www.afinidadelectrica.com.ar/articulo.php?IdArticulo=170
[26] Pelamis power station in front of Aguçadoura near Porto with a Portuguese flag:
http://ourgreenstreetsblog.com/wordpress/2009/01/agucadoura-portugal-running-on-wave-power/
[27] Pelamis power station with three pelamis (water snakes) in front of Aguçadoura near Porto: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fet4bCYvmLw, 11sec.
[28] Pelamis (water snakes) in front of Aguçadoura near Porto in Portugal, scheme of the hydraulic power production device:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fet4bCYvmLw, 44sec.

Column wave power plants
[29] Scheme 01: column wave power station working with water - under water: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYfs-qYGzvs, 1min.47sec.
[30] Scheme 02: column wave power station working with compressed air - above water: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYfs-qYGzvs, 2min.2sec.
[31] Scheme 03: columns wave power station combined working with water and with compressed air: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYfs-qYGzvs, 2min.13sec.

"Wave Star" in Hanstholm, Denmark
[32] Wave storage power station "Wave Star" in Hanstholm, Denmark, prototype: http://www.hornonline.com/frontpage/denmark/destination-denmark/wave-star
[33] Wave storage power station "Wave Star" in Hanstholm, Denmark, prototype, the floats:
http://www.konstruktion.de/allgemein/hydraulik-buendelt-das-potenzial-von-wellenkraftwerken/
[34] Wave storage power station "Wave Star" in Hanstholm, Denmark, prototype, zoom of the floats:
http://www.konstruktion.de/allgemein/hydraulik-buendelt-das-potenzial-von-wellenkraftwerken/
[35] Wave storage power station "Wave Star" in Hanstholm, Denmark, prototype, floats are in a high position saving them:
http://www.konstruktion.de/allgemein/hydraulik-buendelt-das-potenzial-von-wellenkraftwerken/
[36] Wave storage power station "Wave Star", project with 10 floats: http://mhk.pnnl.gov/wiki/index.php/Wave_Star

"Oyster" wave power plant on Orkney, North of Scotland
[37] Oyster wave power plant in Scotland with cable and transformer station on the shore, scheme: http://wordlesstech.com/2011/06/28/oyster-wave-power-technology/
[38] Oyster wave power plant in Scotland, scheme with several Oyster elements (project): http://wordlesstech.com/2011/06/28/oyster-wave-power-technology/
[39] Oyster wave power plant, scheme with wave: http://www.reuk.co.uk/Oyster-Wave-Power.htm
[40] Oyster with a pearl: Video: Louisiana Farm Bureau: Ag Minute - Oysters: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCjpooxuOx0, 1min.7sec.
[41-50] Video: Wave power in action: Aquamarine Power's Oyster 800 wave energy machine: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCheEfaoCOs

Power buoys (PowerBuoys) of OPT, "USA"
[51] Power buoy of OPT on a lorry in New Jersey: http://www.oceanpowertechnologies.com/PDF/PowerSystem.pdf
[52] Power buoy of OPT during a test run in the port of Seattle: http://www.oceanpowertechnologies.com/PDF/PowerSystem.pdf
[53] Big power buoy with a length of 45 to 50m, diameter 10 to 13 meters, scheme: http://www.oceanpowertechnologies.com/stage/mark3.html
[54] Fish comic: http://fishygirl93.deviantart.com/art/Betta-Comic-Cast-Set-1-203769064
[55] Big power buoy waiting for transport: http://www.greenlaunches.com/alternative-energy/energy-generating-water-buoy-readied-for-use-off-scottish-coast-1.php
[56] Big power buoy on a lorry: http://www.clearwaterpower.com/DrawOnePage.aspx?PageID=130
[57] Big power buoy in the sea: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PowerBuoy
[58] Power buoy with anchor and underwater transformer station, scheme: http://jagadees.wordpress.com/2010/04/24/powerbuoy/
[59] Power buoy park with underwater transformer station and power cable to the shore, scheme:
http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/smart-takes/first-wave-power-farm-in-us-to-be-built-in-oregon/
[60] Power buoy park, scheme: http://www.flickr.com/photos/southwestengland/3721134087/

Tide power plants
[61] Tide power plant, scheme: http://www.hanfkultur.com/partei/component/content/article/64-Alternative%20Energien/614-gezeitenkraftwerk.html
[62] Tide power plant Brouwersdam in Holland: http://www.grevelingen.nl/content.asp?menu=7&page=358&lang=2
[63] Tide power plant in La Rance in Bretagne in France: http://knowledge.allianz.com/environment/energy/?745/examples-of-water-power-at-work, Foto Nr. 7
[64] Tide fence power plant, scheme: https://sites.google.com/site/rhschem5ttran/about-hydropower/tidal-power

Streaming energy
[65] Water mill in Ulm, Germany: http://www.rostseite.de/ulm.htm
[66] River power plant in Eglisau at Rhine River, Switzerland: http://www.e-pics.ethz.ch/index/ETHBIB.Bildarchiv/ETHBIB.Bildarchiv_Com_FC24-8193-0048_25649.html

Genius stream buoy of Mr. Fritz Mondl, Wachau, Austria
[67] Stream buoy before transport: http://projekt-arche-noah.jimdo.com/erneuerbare-energien/
[68] Stream buoy in the river: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Schwimmenden_Strom-Boje.JPG
[69] Map with the landscape of "Wachau" before Vienna, Austria: http://www.velociped.de/alle-radtouren/europa/oesterreich/wachau-sternradtour.html
[70-73] Video: Strom-Boje® - Bericht für EnergyGlobe Award (1080p): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KmdXFILgJpo
[74-77] Video: Strom-Boje auf Servus TV 10.2011: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Rec8UlPdS0
[78-79] Video: Strom-Boje® - Bericht für österreichischen Klimaschutzpreis 2010: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n0FqCJJURFU

Dangerous and dirty energy which is not needed any more - forbid it
[80] Forbid atomic power, e.g. atomic power plant of Leibstadt, Switzerland: photo by Michael Palomino
[81] Forbid fracking, e.g. in Wyoming in "U.S.A.": http://www.oldenburger-lokalteil.de/2013/03/12/letzte-zuckungen-eines-korpers-der-nicht-sterben-will/paech-fracking/
[82] Forbid coal mining, damaging environment and humans, e.g. in Appalachian Mountains, "U.S.A.":
http://open.salon.com/blog/lesstonehead/2011/11/21/coal_mining_in_appalachia
[83] Forbid strip mining with bucket excavator in Garzweiler, Germany: http://www.ausflugsziele-nrw.net/tagebau-garzweiler/
[84] Oil drilling for having fuel is not needed, oil drilling in Argentina between Neuquén and Zapala: photo by Michael Palomino
[85] Gas drilling is not needed for fuel, gas stove: http://www.die-tischkultur.de/produkte/grosskuechengeraete.php
[86] Cracks by geothermic drilling in Staufen, southern Germany 1: http://www.staufen.de/unsere-stadt/
[87] Cracks by geothermic drilling in Staufen, southern Germany 2: http://www.stadt-staufen.de/aktuelles-nachrichten/hebungsrisse/vorgeschichte-der-hebungsrisse-~1645/

[x001] Map of wind parks in front of Copenhagen and Malmö: http://www.diercke.com/kartenansicht.xtp?artId=978-3-14-100790-9&stichwort=Malm%F6&fs=1
[x002] Solar trees on a pasture, cattle is using the shadow: http://projekt-arche-noah.jimdo.com/erneuerbare-energien/

Dexa Wave wave rider from Denmark
[x003] Dexa Wave, model: http://www.buch-der-synergie.de/c_neu_html/c_06_07_wasser_wellenenergie_austr_bis_dk.htm
[x004] Dexa Wave, tubes: http://www.buch-der-synergie.de/c_neu_html/c_06_07_wasser_wellenenergie_austr_bis_dk.htm
[x005] Video Dexa Wave 3: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xFM5tTYnUlI
[x006] Dexa Wave torn by a fishing cutter near Malta, 2011:
http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20110605/local/uk-firm-launches-wave-energy-project-in-malta.369062#.UvmcDkgcZ0o

[x007] map with wind park Totoral between Los Vilos and La Serena in Chile: google maps
[x008] map with Islay Island in South of Scotland on the level of Glasgow: http://www.keywordpicture.com/keyword/schottland%20karte/
[x009] map of Spain and Portugal with Almeria (sun power plants), Aguçadoura (Pelamis park) and Mutriku (water chamber power plant)
http://picbild553.bloggum.com/post/spanienkarte-spanien-festland.html
[x010] map of Denmark: http://www.ezilon.com/maps/europe/denmark-maps.html; Wind park Lillgrund near Malmö: http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lillgrund_vindkraftpark

[x011] wind park of Lillgrund in front of Malmö: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lillgrund_Wind_Farm
[x012] map of France and Benelux countries: http://www.geodus.com/de/frankreich-karte-klett-perthes_bestnr-536113.htm
[x013] map of Switzerland: http://schweiz-karte.blogspot.com/2012/06/politische-landkarte-der-schweiz.html
[x014] map of Scotland with Orkney Islands: http://www.keywordpicture.com/keyword/schottland%20karte/; http://www.welt-atlas.de/datenbank/karten/karte-1-178.gif
[x015] map of Orkney Islands, zoom: http://www.keywordpicture.com/keyword/schottland%20karte/; http://www.montedeloro.com/Schottland/Images/schottland_karte.jpg
[x016] Stirling solar power plant, scheme: http://www.umweltmagazin.de/libary/common/.../eBWK_12_2001_Keck.pdf
[x017] SN Power, logo: http://www.snpower.com/
[x018] Vestas, logo: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vestas
[x019] Wind tower: Agile Wind Power, logo: http://www.agilewindpower.com/de
[x020] Windrail system with solar energy, air pressure differences and winds at the edge of the roof of high houses, scheme: http://www.anerdgy.com/

[x021] Windrail company Anerdgy, logo: http://startupticker.ch/en/news/august-2013/klimafonds-stadtwerk-winterthur-unterstuetzt-anerdgy#.UwDKwkgcZ0o
[x022] Voith company, logo: http://voith.com/en/products-services/hydro-power/ocean-energies/wave-power-plants-590.html
[x023] Wavegen company, logo: http://www.logosdatabase.com/machinery/W/700
[x024] Aquamarine Power company, Edinburgh, Logo: http://www.aquamarinepower.com/
[x025] Oyster wave power plant in a factory hall: http://www.aquamarinepower.com/
[x026] tide turbines from Hammerfest, Norway, scheme:
http://www.nordicgreen.net/startups/article/10mw-tidal-power-station-10-norwegian-hammerfest-str-m-turbines-gets-scotti
[x027] Andritz Hydro Hammerfest company, logo: http://www.hammerfeststrom.com/about-us/


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